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The Cessna Citation has been around since the Woodstock Era and has been a mainstay of corporate and charter flying ever since it first flew. Because of this long history the Citation has gone through many changes, both in name and aircraft characteristics. This article has been put together from various sources to give you an overview of the various models of the Cessna Citation line. This compilation is, more or less, in the order that various versions of the Citation first appeared in the world of aviation.

Keep this list handy so that next time somebody tells you they just went for a flight on a Cessna Citation, you can ask, “which one?”

  • The Citation I (Model 500) – This small size business jet which was the model for all of the other Citation jets. This  model was originally designed in 1969 and didn’t receive FAA certification until 1971, with fan engines instead of turbojet engines. This model was originally nicknamed the “slowtation” and “nearjet” because it traveled 120 knots slower than the Lear 25.
  • Citation I/SP (Model 501) single-pilot operations- This aircraft was first delivered in 1977 and production ended in 1985. The difference between this aircraft and the Model 500 was that the SP was referring to single pilot capability instead of the original which needed two pilots.  The catcher for the NY Yankees, Thurman Munson was killed on his Citation I/SP while practicing touch and go landings.
  • Citation II (Model 550) a larger stretched development of the Model 500 first produced in 1978. Initially replaced by the S/II in production, but was brought back and produced side-by-side with the S/II until the Bravo was introduced.
  • T-47 (Model 552) is the military designation of the Citation II. The U.S. Navy procured 15 T-47A aircraft as radar system trainers, and the DoD purchased five OT-47B models for drug interdiction reconnaissance.
  • Citation II/SP (Model 551) This model was built to compete in the turboprop market. Just like the Citation I/SP, this was re-certified as a single pilot aircraft.
  • Citation S/II (Model S550) incorporated a number of improvements, especially an improved wing.  The S/II typically accommodates six passengers and reaches up to 386 mph and a range of 1,841 miles. Concurrent production with the II until Citation V introduction in 1989.
  • Citation Bravo (Model 550) Updated II and S/II with new PW530A engines, landing gear and Primus 1000 avionics.The last Citation Bravo rolled off the production line in late 2006, ending a nearly 10 year production run of 337 aircraft.  The Cessna Citation Bravo is a light jet optimal for short to mid-length charters. With hourly rates close to those of turbo props, the Citation Bravo is the preferred aircraft due to its faster speed, luxury cabin, and further range. The Citation Bravo accommodates up to seven passengers with maximum speed of 463mph, statute range of 1,850 miles, 87 cubic feet in baggage storage, and 58W x 161L x 56H interior cabin space (in inches)
  • Citation V (Model 560), growth variant of the Citation II/SP JT15D-5A. The Citation V expanded the cabin space, allowing for eight passengers comfortably. The Citation V has been one of Cessna’s most popular models and the charter industry’s economically preferred modes of business or leisure travel.
  • Citation Ultra (Model 560) After Cessna introduced the Citation Ultra to the industry in 1993, the Ultra began flying with FAA certification in 1994. The Citation Ultra is equipped with more powerful engines then previous Citation models, allowing for 445 mph cruising speed and a range of up to 1,600 miles. The Ultra typically seats seven or eight comfortably in its luxurious cabin space with a cabin height of 4.9 feet and enclosed lavatory.
  • UC-35A Army transport version of the V Ultra.
  • UC-35C Marine Corps version of the V Ultra.
  • Citation Encore (Model 560) upgraded Citation Ultra with more powerful engines, allowing for 445 mph cruising speed and a range of up to 1,600 miles, a heated wing leading edge, and improved trailing-link landing gear. After Cessna introduced the Citation Encore to the industry in 1993, the Encore began flying with FAA certification in 1994.
  • UC-35B Army transport version of the Encore.
  • UC-35D Marine Corps version of the Encore.
  • Citation Encore+ (Model 560) upgraded Encore includes FADEC and a redesigned avionics.
  • Citation III (Model 650) all-new design from previous models. The Citation III was the first jet of its class to be wholly designed and manufactured in the United States since the first model Citation in 1972. Although highly successful and popular, the Citation III was not modeled in reflection of the earlier versions, the I and II. Designed with a desire for higher performance standards, the Citation III is equip to fly nonstop from one coast to another, reaching a cruising speed of 495 mph, and a range of 2,000 miles. The Citation III seats up to eight passengers.
  • Citation IV was a proposed upgrade of the III, but was cancelled by Cessna.
  • Citation VI (Model 650) was a low-cost derivative of the III which had a different avionics suite and non-custom interior design.
  • Citation VII (Model 650) was an upgrade of the III that was in production from 1992 to 2000.  The Citation VII comfortably seats seven or eight passengers, cruises at speed up to 516 mph, and has a range of 2,000 miles. Interior dimensions are 18.6L x 5.8W x 5.7H (in feet).
  • Citation X (Model 750) (X as in the Roman numeral for ten), an all-new design, the fastest civilian aircraft when it hit the market and made it’s first flight in 1993.  As with its speed, the Citation X is popular for its comforting and spacious interior (5.6W x 5.7H x 23.7L in feet). Able to seat eight or nine passengers, the Citation X includes over 70 cubic feet of baggage space. The Citation X has a range of up to 3,608 miles. If time is an issue or efficiency a desire, the Citation X is the ideal choice for your charter.
  • Citation X+, originally called the Ten included major engine updates with new fans, Garmin G5000 flight displays with three 14 inch screens and a stretch of 38 cm to improve passenger comfort.
  • Cessna 560XL Citation Excel built for the Swiss Air Force.
  • Citation Excel (Model 560XL), utilized a shortened Citation X fuselage combined with the V Ultra’s straight wing and the V’s tail; used new PW545A engines. Like the Citation Sovereign, the Citation Excel has the exceptional ability to fly in and out of smaller airports while providing the impeccable luxury of a mid size jet. Able to accommodate seven passengers, the Excel can reach speeds up to 480 mph, range of 2,175 miles, and baggage space of 79 cubic square feet. The Citation is highly regarded among business executives and leisure travelers due to its flexibility, performance, and excellence.
  • Citation XLS, evolved from the Excel which includes upgraded engines with increased performance.
  • Citation XLS+ which includes FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine Control) and a redesigned avionics system.
  • Citation Sovereign (Model 680), utilizes a stretched version of the Excel’s fuselage with an all-new moderately swept wing. The Citation Sovereign’s engines are equipped with state-of-the-art technology that enables this mid size jet access to smaller airports than other mid size jets cannot across the nation and worldwide. The Citation Sovereign is the ideal jet for short to long range travel whether it is business or leisure. The Sovereign is the choice aircraft for destinations with high altitudes or short runways. The Citation Sovereign generally seats eight, has a maximum range of 3,315 miles, and reaches maximum speeds of 485 mph. The dimensions of the cabin interior are 24L x 5.7H x 5.6W (in feet).
  • CitationJet (Model 525) essentially an all-new design, the only carry-over being the Citation I’s forward fuselage. The 525 series models all feature a shorter cabin.
  • CJ1 (Model 525) Improved version of the CitationJet. The CJ1 seats 5 passengers, travels at a maximum speed of 437 mph, has statute range of 1,430 with 59 cubic feet of baggage storage and roomy interior cabin space. The state of the art avionics enables this aircraft to fly shorter ranges smoothly with reasonable rates.
  • CJ1+ (Model 525) Improved version of the CJ1 with new engines, avionics, and FADEC
  • Citation M2 – The M2 was launched in 2011 and is based on the CJ1 variant which features a new cabin layout and a more effiecient engine than the  FJ44 engine.
  • CJ2 (Model 525A) Stretched version of the CJ1.
  • CJ2+ (Model 525A) Improved version of the CJ2 with increased performance, improved avionics, and FADEC.
  • CJ3 (Model 525B) Extension of the CJ2. Among mid-size jets, the Citation Jet 3 is one the fastest jets for private charter. The Citation Jet 3 typically seats seven passengers and has ample luggage space. The Citation Jet 3 has improved performance and range compared to that of earlier additions of the Citation Jets 1 and 2. The Citation Jet 3 is ideal for business or leisure charter that requires slightly longer range and/or quicker arrival time.
  • CJ4 (Model 525C) An extension of the CJ3, with new Williams FJ44-4 engines and the moderately swept wing borrowed from the Sovereign
  • Model 526 A twin-seat tandem military trainer developed by Cessna from the CitationJet for the JPATS competition.
  • Citation Mustang (Model 510), a new Very Light Jet (VLJ), even smaller and lighter than the CitationJet. Cessna’s Citation Mustang is designed to bring comfort and affordability to charter consumers. With seating for four passengers, the wide-open cabin features leather club seats, collapsible tables, a toilet and two storage compartments for all your gear. This very light jet has a range of 1323 sm and is a great choice for short to medium range legs. Charter a Citation Mustang for your next trip by reviewing available aircraft from a number of operators
  • Citation Latitude (Model 680A) was announced at the NBAA convention in 2011. This model features a cruciform tail and all metal fuselage. First deliveries are scheduled for 2016.
  • Citation Longitude coming to the market soon with a 4,000 nm range, a Mach.86 cruising speed and a 45,000 foot maximum cruising altitude.

There you have it.  We will update this list in upcoming years with Citation Mars Cruisers and Citation Star Ships.

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